Bookmark and Share

Hellenistic Greek © 2009
Topical Index

Greek-Language.com

Introduction

Find your topic in the left column, then click on a lesson number in the right-hand column. Clicking on a lesson number will take you to the relevant paragraph within the lesson.

Topic

Lesson

Accents, accentuation, accent rules

2 (accents and vowel "length"), 3 (explanation of "accent"), 3(basic rules), 3 (for verbs), 3 (for nouns and adjectives), 3 (enclitics), 3 (practice), 3 (more practice), 11 (not recessive for nouns),

Accusative

4 (and the direct object),

Adjective

5, 5 (masculine and neuter forms), 5 (agreement), 5 (practice with adjective agreement), 5 (function), 5 (attributive), 5 (practice with attributive adjectives), 5 (predicate), 5 (practice with predicate adjectives), 5 (practice distinguishing attributive and predicate adjectives), 5 (substantive), 5 (practice with substantive adjectives), 6 (feminine), 6 (feminine forms), 6 (practice recognizing the gender, case, and number of adjectives),

AGENT

19 (definition), 19 (AGENT of a Passive Voice Verb),

Alphabet

1,1 (introduction), 1 (letter names), 1 (practice recognizing lower case letters), 1 (pronunciation), 1 (recognizing lower case letters), 1 (more practice), 1 (Tips for learning the alphabet, 1 (Interactive exercises for learning the alphabet 1 (writing the lower case letters, 2 (uppercase), 2 (list of upper and lower case letters) 2 (recognizing upper case letters), 2 (writing the upper case letters)

Aorist

9 (first aorist active), 9 (aorist aspect), 9 (forms for the Ω conjugation), 9 (first aorist personal endings), 9 (spelling changes caused by the aorist σ), 9 (practice recognizing Ω conjugation forms), 9 (forms for the ΜΙ conjugation), 9 (practice recognizing ΜΙ conjugation form), 10 (review of spelling changes caused by the aorist σ), 10 (practice recognizing spelling changes for verbs ending with a sibilant, liquid, or nasal consonant), 12 (second aorist active), 12 (practice recognizing 2nd aorist active stems), 12 (Practice Recognizing 2nd Aorist Active Endings), 19 (Aorist Passive Forms), 19 (First Aorist Passive), 19(Practice Recognizing the First Aorist Passive), 19 (Second Aorist Passive), 19 (Practice Recognizing the Second Aorist Passive), 20 (Aorist Middle), 21 (Aorist Middle/Passive), 21 (Middle/Passive σα/οε Forms), 21 (Middle/Passive (θ)η Forms), 21 (Middle/Passive of μι Conjugation Verbs), 21 (Middle/Passive Reading and Translation)

Article

4, 4 (explanation), 4 (practice recognizing), 4 (usage with nominative case), 4 (no indefinite article), 7 (usage), 7 (with abstract nouns), 7 (with proper names), 7 (with equative verbs), 7 (with adjectives), 7 (translation and context), 7 (agreement), 7(forms), 7 (practice recognizing forms of the article), 15 (with prepositional phrase),

Aspect (for verbs)

8, 9 (aorist aspect), 22 (the historical present), 23 (imperfective aspect), 23 (imperfective aspect and past time in narrative texts). 23 (imperfective aspect example), 23 (imperfective aspect and past customary action, example)

Aspiration

2 (definition),

Attributive (use of adjectives)

5, 5 (practice with attributive adjectives),

Augment

9 (for the first aorist stem), 10 (with compound verbs), 10 (practice finding the augment in compound verbs), 20 (and aorist and imperfect middle voice forms)

Breathing Marks

3 (explanation), 3 (placement with diphthongs), 3 (practice),

Case

4, 4 (and word order), 4 (usual significance of the Greek case forms), 4 (practice), 11 (Case endings for 1st declension feminine nouns), 11 (Case endings for 1st declension masculine nouns),

Compound Verbs

10 (introduction), 10 (1st aorist),

Connecting Vowel (Thematic Vowel)

11 (in first declension nouns), 20 (in aorist and imperfect middle voice forms)

Consonant Blends (Consonant Grid)

9 (spelling changes caused by the aorist σ), 10 (review of spelling changes caused by the aorist σ), 18 (review),

Contents

Table of Contents

Context Clues

17 (with present and future verb forms),

Contractions (Contract Verbs)

8, 17, 18 (future tense forms), 18 (practice recognizing the future tense of contract verbs),

Dative

4,

Declension

4, See also First Declension, Second Declension, and Third Declension.

Dental Consonant

18 (definition),

Diacritics

3,

Diaeresis

1,

Digraphs

1 (definition and forms),

Diphthongs

1 (definition and forms), 2, 3,

Double Consonants

1 (introduction),

EIMI (εἰμί)

3, 3 (practice),16 (introduction), 16 (forms), 16 (unaugmented form: present), 16 (augmented form: imperfect), 16 (present infinitive), 16 (practice recognizing unaugmented forms of εἰμί), 16 (practice recognizing augmented forms of εἰμί),

Enclitic

3 (definition), 14 (σέ),

First Declension

11 (1st declension nouns), 11 (1st declension nouns), 11 (case endings, fem. 1st declension nouns), 11 (practice recognizing feminine first declension nouns), 11 (case endings, masc. 1st declension nouns), 11 (practice recognizing masculine first declension nouns), 13 (more practice with the first declension), See also Declension and Noun.

Feminine (Gender)

4, 4 (practice distinguishing feminine and masculine nouns),

Future (Tense and Aspect)

18 (forms for Ω conjugation verbs), 18 (practice recognizing basic future tense forms), 18 (spelling changes caused by the Σ tense sign), 18 (practice recognizing future tense forms), 18 (spelling changes caused by liquid and nasal consonants), 18 (practice recognizing future tense forms with stem-final liquid or nasal consonants), 18 (future tense of contract verbs), 18 (practice recognizing the future tense of contract verbs), 18 (irregular future tense forms), 18 (practice with irregular future tense forms), 18 (future tense of ΜΙ conjugation verbs), 18 (practice with future tense of ΜΙ conjugation verbs), 18 (Usage)

Gender

4 (list), 4 (explanation),

Genitive

4, 13 (use as object of some verbs),

Imperfect

13, 13 (translation difficulties), 13 (form), 13 (comparison with first aorist form), 13 (comparison with second aorist form), 13 (practice recognizing imperfect active indicative forms), 23 (imperfect tense and aspect), 23 (imperfect and setting). 23 (imperfective aspect example), 23 (differences from the aorist) 23 (imperfective aspect and past customary action, example)

Infinitive

14 (definition), 14 (differences between English and Hellenistic Greek Infinitives), 14 (Infinitives and Aspect), 14 (present), 14 (aorist), 14 (substantival), 14 (with article), 14 (forms), 14 (practice recognizing the infinitive), 14 (more practice with infinitives),

Intransitive

20 (Explanation), 22 (middle voice intransitive verbs)

Iota Subscript

2,

Irregular Verbs

18 (future tense), 18 (practice with irregular future tense forms),

Labial Consonant

18 (definition),

Lexical Form

4 (for nouns), 8 (for verbs),

Lexical Middle

20 (Lexical Middle), 23 (προέρχομαι), 23 (and verbs expressing feelings and emotions, with an exception)

Liquid and Nasal Consonants

9, 10, 15 (definition of "liquid consonant"), 17, 18 (spelling changes caused by liquid and nasal consonants in future tense forms),

Long Vowels

2,

Lower Case Greek Letters

1 (introduction), 1 (recognizing lower case letters), 1 (practice recognizing lower case letters), 1 (more practice), 1 (writing the lower case letters),

Masculine (Gender)

4, 4 (practice distinguishing masculine and feminine nouns),

MI Conjugation

17 (present tense), 21 (aorist middle/passive), 22 (present middle/passive), 23 (imperfect middle/passive)

Middle Voice

20, 20 (Form of Aorist Middle), 20 (1st Aor. Mid. Forms), 20 (Introduction), 20 (Lexical Middle), 20 (Middle Voice and Transitivity) , 20 (Reflexive Usage), 20 (Reflexive and Reciprocal), 20 (2nd Aor. Mid. Forms), 20 (Translating), 20 (Usual Significance), 21 (Aorist Middle/Passive), 21(Middle/Passive σα/οε Forms), 21 (Middle/Passive (θ)η Forms) , 21 (Middle/Passive of μι Conjugation Verbs) , 21 (Middle/Passive Reading and Translation) , 23 (Imperfect middle/passive), 23 (and verbs of bodily motion/location), 23 (formation of the imperfect middle/passive)

Mood (for verbs)

8,

Names

2, (Proper Nouns Exercise)

Neuter (Gender)

4 (explanation), 4 (practice recognizing neuter nouns),

Nominative

4,

Noun

4 (lesson), 4 (definition), 4 ("locating" nouns), See also First Declension, Second Declension, and Third Declension.

Number

4, 4 (explanation), 8,

PATIENT

19,

Person (for verbs)

8, 8 (present first person plural), 8 (present second person),

Plural

4,

Postpositive

12 (explanation), 13 (γάρ),

Predicate

5 (predicate usage of adjectives),

Preposition

16 (ἐν), 18 (ἐν),

Prepositional Phrase

15 (with article),

Present (Tense and Aspect)

8, 8 (practice recognizing present tense forms), 17 (review and additional information), 17 (present tense in English and Greek), 17 (using context clues), 17 (forms), 17 (Ω conjugation forms), 17 (practice recognizing Ω conjugation forms), 17 (ΜΙ conjugation forms), 17 (practice recognizing ΜΙ conjugation forms), 17 (distinguish present and aorist forms of MI conjugation verbs), 18 (review of present tense endings), 22 (present middle/passive) 22 (formation of the present middle/passive) 22 (expectant usage of the present)

Principal Parts

23 (explanation)

Pronunciation

1, 2, 2 (practice),

Proper Names

2 (practice recognizing upper case letters in proper names), 7 (use of the article with proper names),

Punctuation

2 (explanation), 2 (practice),

Quantifiers

5, 5 (practice with quantifiers),

Questions

4 (usage),

Recessive Accent (for verbs)

3,

Reduplication

17 (present active indicative of μι conjugation),23 (imperfect middle/passive indicative of μι conjugation),

Second Declension

4 (masculine endings), 4 (practice recognizing masculine 2nd declension nouns), 4 (neuter endings), 4 (practice recognizing neuter 2nd declension nouns), 4 (practice distinguishing masculine and neuter 2nd declension nouns),

Secondary Middle Endings

20,

Semantic Roles

18 (preview), 19 (introduction), 19 (AGENT), 19 (AGENT of a Passive Voice Verb), 19 (PATIENT),

Short Vowels

2,

Sigma

1 (forms of the lower case Greek letter)

Sibilant

10, 17 (σ), 18 (further explanation and comparison with English), 18 (practice recognizing changes caused by stem-final sibilants),

Singular

4,

Stem (verb stem)

9 (first aorist), 12 (second aorist), 12 (practice recognizing 2nd aorist stems),

Tense (for verbs)

8 (and time),

Thematic Vowel (Connecting Vowel)

6 (with feminine adjectives), 11 (feminine 1st declension nouns),

Third Declension Nouns

15, 15 (Introduction), 15 (consonant stem forms), 15 (finding the stem), 15 (spelling changes caused by σ in the ending), 15 (practice recognizing consonant stem 3rd declension nouns), 15 (liquid consonant stems), 15 (nasal consonant stems), 15 (practice recognizing liquid and nasal consonant stem 3rd declension nouns), 15 (practice matching the case and number of consonant stem 3rd declension nouns), 15 (practice with case and number of liquid and nasal consonant stem 3rd declension nouns), 16 (review of 3rd declension endings), 16 (vowel stems and contraction), 16 (forms for vowel stem 3rd declension nouns), 16 (practice distinguishing singular and plural vowel stem 3rd declension nouns), 16 (practice identifying the case of vowel stem 3rd declension nouns),
See also Declension and Noun.

Transitive (Verb)

20 (Explanation),

Transitivity

20 (Introduction), 22 (and the present middle/passive), 22 (middle and passive transitive verbs), 22 (middle voice intransitive verbs)

Upper Case Greek Letters

2, 2 (recognizing upper case letters), 2 (writing the upper case letters),

Velar Consonant

18 (definition),

Verb

8,

Voice

8, 19, 19 (passive), 19 (AGENT of a passive voice verb), 23 (explanation of imperfect middle/passive), 23 (middle voice and verbs of bodily motion/location) , 23 (understanding and translating middle/passive forms)
See also Middle Voice.

Vowels

2 (long vowels and short vowels) ,

Word Order

2, 2 (practice) , 4 (and Case), 5 (Adjectives) ,

Writing the Greek Alphabet

1, 2,







Greek Language and Linguistics Gateway

Page Design and Content by Micheal W. Palmer


Table of Contents