Language and Linguistics
Here at Greek-Language.com
You can learn Hellenistic Greek, the form of the Greek language found in the Christian New Testament, the writings of Stoic philosophers such as Epictetus, and a wealth of other documents from the period of the Greek and Roman empires, right here at Greek-Language.com.
This online course by Micheal Palmer will unlock the amazing world of these texts, allowing you to better understand the origins of Christianity and the world in which it began.
Donald J. Mastronarde
With the assistance of the Berkeley Language Center of the University of California, Berkeley, Donald J. Mastronarde has made available a wonderful set of online Ancient Greek Tutorials based on his book, Introduction to Attic Greek. While these tutorials are based on Mastronarde's book, most of them are very usable without it!
Jeffrey A. Rydberg-Cox
For more advanced students, Jeffrey A. Rydberg-Cox provides an overview of Greek syntax based on Herbert Wier Smyth's A Greek Grammar for Colleges.
Jonathan Slocum of the University of Texas at Austin has edited and updated a series of lessons for Classical Greek originally produced with Winfred P. Lehmann.
Textkit provides downloadable copies of a wonderful variety of Classical Greek textbooks on their Greek and Latin Learning Tools page.
Elaine Woodward and Marianne Pagos
Elaine Woodward and Marianne Pagos, teachers at Boston Latin School, have provided a concise handbook (the Greek Enchiridion) to assist you as you learn to read Classical Greek.
Carl Conrad discusses common misunderstandings of Greek voice and offers a stimulating alternative to the way voice is viewed in many beginning grammars of biblical Greek.
Brian Joseph argues that Hellenistic Greek provides an interesting "way-station" between Classical Greek, which used infinitival complementation and Modern Greek, where finite complementation is the rule. He offers an analysis of control structures in Hellenistic Greek, tracing the transition from the Ancient Greek type to the Modern Greek type. Based on the evidence of these three stages of Greek, Joseph advances an argument in support of the view that "control is not a purely syntactic phenomenon but rather derives from the lexical semantics of the predicates involved."
Shain’s study analyzes the Greek verb ἔρχομαι and the preverb εἰσ- and how the preverb affects the verb’s lexical aspect. To determine the lexical aspect of ἔρχομαι and εἰσέρχομαι, she annotates all instances of both verbs in the Greek New Testament and develops a methodology for researching aktionsart in texts. She equates aktionsart with lexical aspect, and proposes several tests that could be applied to texts. Applying some of these tests to the verbs she is considering, Shain determines that ἔρχομαι is an activity and εἰσέρχομαι is telic. She includes a discussion of the Koine tense/aspect forms and their temporal and aspectual reference. She adopts Dowty’s aspect calculus (1979) to explain how εἰσ- affects the lexical aspect of ἔρχομαι, using his CAUSE and BECOME operators, arguing that εἰσ- denotes an endpoint to motion, so the subject of εἰσέρχομαι is asserted to be at a given location at the end of the interval indicated by εἰσέρχομαι.